Kadam – The Karamoja Watch Post

Kadam – The Karamoja Watch Post

In the semi-desert plains of Karamoja, at the corner point of the country’s boundary is a peak towering high into the skies. The mountainous ranges disrupt the rather flat terrain. Mount Kadam is the second highest mountain of the Karamoja region in northeaster Uganda. Its highest peak is called Libo.

The mountain has an approximate elevation of 3,063 metres. From the peak, it’s a bird’s view into Kidepo Valley National Park.

The slopes of the mountain provides habitat to about five tribes. These are: Pokot, Karamojong, Gishu, Sebei and the Kadama. All the above tribes are headed by one local council leader called Ariwonyang Lochaigura.

Legend has it that the Kadama tribe was the first people to settle in the mountains when they took refuge there from marauding Karamojong tribes arriving from Ethiopia.

The name Karamojong is derived from the phrase "ekar ngimojong", meaning "the old men can walk no farther".

Members of these tribes, especially the Pokot and Sebei spread into Kenya, with members of these tribes crisscrossing the boundary daily to tend to their activities. Cross border trade, relationships and cross border property ownership is a norm.  Moroto mountain ranges give the highest point in the region.

The main crops grown on Mount Kadam are maize, beans, sun flower and wild tomatoes.

The biggest challenges faced by the inhabitants are food insecurity due climate change and stealing baboons. The region also used to be rife with cattle rustling and tribal conflicts. 

During the colonial period Mount Kadam was known as Debasien.

Join discussion